Is De-agrarianization Inevitable?
Subsistence, Food Security and Market Production in the Uplands of Negros Occidental, the Philippines 214-228
Author: Stewart Lockie(a), Rebeka Tennent(a), Carmen Benares(b) and David Carpenter(c)
Affiliation: (a)School of Sociology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia; (b)College of Business and Accountancy, University of St. La Salle, Bacolod City, Philippines; (c)Sustineo, Canberra, Australia
Market liberalization and agrarian reform have done little to reverse poverty in the uplands of Negros Occidental. The mean income of households participating in this research (n=347) was only marginally above the rural poverty line and virtually all relied on seasonal work and remittances from family members living elsewhere for household (and in many cases farm) reproduction. Combined with demographic pressure and competition for land, rural households face considerable pressure to reduce their livelihood dependence on agriculture. At the same time, this research shows that reconfigurations of the agro-ecological relations, exchange relations and social relations on which agriculture is based (reconfigurations that speak to politics and processes of re-peasantization) have significant potential to improve the livelihoods and food security of small farmers. Self-provisioning of farm inputs, access to markets organized according to alternative conventions, and formal education were all shown to be associated in different ways with improvements both to household income and to household food self-provisioning.
International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food
Published by Michigan State University
Official publication of the Research Committee on Sociology of Agriculture and Food (RC-40)
of the International Sociological Association (ISA)
Editors: Raymond Jussaume, Claire Marris and Katerina Psarikidou
Frequency: 3 issues per year